Laparoscopy to treat infertility

Laparoscopy to treat infertility

Laparoscopy to treat infertility: Let us know about Laparoscopy to treat infertility. If you’ve been trying to get pregnant for a while without success, you may have some fertility issues. But there is nothing to worry because infertility That is, there are many options available for the treatment of infertility. Although there is no set time frame for trying to conceive naturally, a general rule to follow is if you are having sex on the days of ovulation but more than 6 months later. If you haven’t had success, this would be a good time and a good idea to visit your doctor.

Because so many factors can affect fertility or the lack thereof, early detection if there is a problem will save you a lot of effort and frustration, and you will have the option of trying other options and then getting the right information. Also remember that if you are over the age of 35, So you can wait for some time before scheduling a checkup with the doctor. The good news is that among the infertility treatment options, laparoscopy is one method that can improve your chances of getting pregnant. Let’s start Laparoscopy to treat infertility.

Laparoscopy to treat infertility

What is laparoscopy? 

Laparoscopy is a surgical method used to diagnose and subsequently eliminate the problem of infertility. In this surgical procedure, the doctor may make two to three incisions in your abdomen. A laparoscope is used for this procedure – a very thin surgical instrument with a camera and light attached to it. This tool helps the doctor to identify and then correct the possible problem. In some cases, the doctor may make larger incisions for the surgery, and you may need to stay in the hospital for a few days.

When is laparoscopy procedure advised? 

Laparoscopy to treat infertility
Laparoscopy to treat infertility

Laparoscopy is not the first course of treatment for infertility. The doctor may recommend this after trying several other methods or suggesting other treatment options. Here are some reasons why your doctor may recommend you to undergo diagnostic laparoscopy for the treatment of infertility:

  • If doctors confirm an ectopic pregnancy , which is a fatal condition.
  • If the doctor suspects pelvic inflammatory disease .
  • If the doctor diagnoses moderate or severe endometriosis. drill
  • If you experience pain and discomfort during intercourse.
  • If you experience severe pain and cramps during your periods.

In many cases, doctors can treat the problem during a laparoscopic procedure (though not in all cases). Following are some of the infertility issues for which the doctor may recommend laparoscopic surgery:

  • If you have PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome . In such a case the doctor may suggest ovarian drilling. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome disrupts ovulation, to fix it doctors can make holes in the ovaries at different places.
  • If you have fibroids (tumours) in your fallopian tubes that cause severe pain or blockage (which also affects the uterine cavity).
  • If you have ovarian cysts that are blocking the fallopian tubes and causing severe pain. So in some such cases, the doctor may also suggest an ultrasound-guided-needle procedure to remove the cyst. However, removal or removal of large endometrial cysts may adversely affect your ovarian reserve.
  • If endometrial deposits are the cause of infertility, your doctor may recommend removing them. While some doctors believe that removing the deposits increases your chances of conceiving, others feel that they should be removed only if they are causing severe pain and discomfort.
  • Your doctor may recommend surgery if your fallopian tubes are blocked. However, the success rate of laparoscopy in treating infertility through tubal repair varies widely. So if you are considering IVF after laparoscopy, your doctor may recommend skipping the procedure and going ahead with IVF directly.
  • If the doctor suspects hydrosalpinx – a condition where a specific type of blockage develops in the fallopian tubes – they may recommend removing the tubes.

What are the benefits of laparoscopy for infertility? 

Some of the advantages of laparoscopy for infertility are as follows:

  • Some infertility defects can also be established only through laparoscopy.
  • Laparoscopy allows the doctor to get a wide and detailed look inside your abdomen. So that different possibilities arising due to infertility can be identified.
  • Laparoscopy is also effective in treating some causes of infertility, which may increase your chances of becoming pregnant naturally or with other infertility treatment options.
  • It helps to get rid of pelvic pain and discomfort.
  • It also helps in removing endometrial deposits, scar tissue and fibroids.
  • This surgical method is less invasive than open surgery, which means less pain, less bleeding, smaller incisions, and a faster recovery.

How is laparoscopy done? 

Once the doctor recommends laparoscopy, you will be explained in detail about the procedure. You may need to prepare for surgery in advance… You will be asked not to eat or drink anything for at least 8 to 10 hours before surgery. This procedure is done by giving general anesthesia. Before the procedure begins, you will be placed on an IV stage into which various medications will be given.

Once the anesthesia takes effect, the doctor will begin the procedure. Several small incisions will be made in your lower abdomen. After the incision is made, carbon dioxide is pumped into the incision to make room for the laparoscope. Once the amount of carbon dioxide is high enough, the doctor will insert a laparoscope to view your pelvic organs. In some cases, he may remove some tissue for biopsy. Apart from the lower abdominal organs, the doctor can also examine other abdominal organs, and may make a few more incisions for the same. He can look inside your reproductive organs to look for scar tissue, cysts, fibroids or endometrial deposits, as well as other abnormalities or defects. 

Also, the doctor may inject some dye into the cervix to check for any blockage in the fallopian tubes . Your fallopian tubes may also be examined to rule out the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy.

Is the procedure painful? 

Laparoscopic procedures are performed under a general anaesthesia, which means you will not feel anything during the entire procedure. However, once the effect of the anesthesia wears off after the surgical procedure is over, you may feel pain at the incision site. If the doctor removes tissue for biopsy, you may feel a looseness in your abdomen and you may feel distended from the use of carbon dioxide in your lower abdomen, as well as pain around your shoulders. Can also do Your throat may also be sore because of the tube that may have been inserted into your throat to make it easier for you to breathe during the procedure. These are very normal things that you may experience after surgery, which should subside in a few days.

Recovery Time from Laparoscopy Surgery for Infertility 

After your surgery, if there are no complications involved, you can be discharged on the same day. The doctor will advise rest for at least two to three days. However, it may take a few weeks for you to recover completely. You will be given various medicines to help you get better faster, which may include antibiotics and pain relievers. Seek medical advice immediately if you experience:

  • Pus or severe pain at the incision site.
  • Fever, which is 101 or higher.
  • Severe abdominal pain and discomfort.

Risks and Side Effects of Laparoscopy for Infertility

Like any surgery, there are some risks and side effects associated with laparoscopy. It has been observed that on an average 1 or 2 out of 100 women may develop some or the other complications after laparoscopy. Here are some of the commonly experienced surgery complications:

  • skin irritation at the incision site
  • bladder infection
  • adhesion
  • infection at the incision site
  • intraabdominal hematomas

These are some of the rare but serious allergic reaction complications that can occur after a surgical procedure. 

  • blood clotting
  • Severe damage to blood vessels or abdominal organs
  • urine retention
  • nerve damage
  • Complications related to general anesthesia
  • death (though very rare)

What do laparoscopy results mean?

If a tissue is removed during laparoscopy, it will be kept for further tests. Test results usually indicate an intestinal obstruction, hernia, or abdominal bleeding. The results may also show that all your internal organs are in a healthy state.

What if the results come back abnormal? 

Here are some types of abnormalities that may be seen during a laparoscopic procedure:

  • fibroid detection
  • adhesions or surgical scars
  • hernia
  • inflammation of the intestines or appendicitis
  • presence of tumors or cysts
  • some trauma or injury to a particular internal organ
  • inflammation of the gallbladder or cholecystitis
  • An abnormal condition where the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus instead of inside, also known as endometriosis
  • reproductive tract infection or pelvic inflammatory disease
  • cancer 

Can laparoscopy affect my ability to conceive?

No, the good news is that laparoscopy rarely affects your ability to conceive. There is usually no obstacle to getting pregnant. In fact, in some cases, it can even increase your chances of conceiving.

Laparoscopy is a safe option to consider when you’re having trouble getting pregnant. Once the process is over, your doctor will discuss with you your chances of getting pregnant naturally and other related options.