Many women struggle with the problem of periods ie periods that are not coming or being irregular, due to which they have to face difficulties in getting pregnant, but this does not mean that such women cannot become pregnant. Even if you do not have regular periods, it is still very possible that you could be pregnant.
Relationship between periods and pregnancy
When you have periods, it is a sign that your reproductive system is working. However, just having periods does not guarantee that you can get pregnant. The female reproductive system is quite difficult to understand. Let us see how periods and pregnancy are related to each other.
As soon as your period starts, an egg starts to develop in your ovary. It continues to mature inside the follicle for 12 to 14 days (the number of days may vary). Once the egg is fully matured, the follicle bursts and the ovary releases the egg. This process is called ovulation and the egg thus released is viable only for 12 to 24 hours. If you have intercourse with your partner within five days of ovulation, there are chances that the egg may be fertilized. This is because sperm can survive for up to five days inside the female reproductive system. Once the sperm meets the egg, the egg is fertilized and you can become pregnant.
Once the ovulation cycle is over, the hormone progesterone signals your uterine lining to prepare for the fetus that will implant itself in the lining of the uterus. The uterine lining wall or shed is called the endometrium and it continues to thicken for 10 to 15 days. If you become pregnant, within 7 to 10 days after ovulation the embryo implants itself in the lining of the uterus. As soon as the preparation for pregnancy starts, many hormonal changes start happening in the body. However, if an egg is not fertilized, the amount of the hormone progesterone drops significantly, which signals the uterine lining to shed its endometrium. Your period is the shedding of the uterine lining. After this your body is again ready for the same process.
Is it possible to ovulate and get pregnant without periods?
Yes, it is possible to ovulate and get pregnant without your period. This is most likely to happen with women who face the problem of irregular periods . It is important to understand that ovulation is important for getting pregnant and if your periods are regular, you must be ovulating regularly. This means that you may be pregnant. However, women who have irregular periods are tested for PCOD and hyperprolactinemia, if the test reveals a problem that is causing the irregular periods, which the doctor will treat with ovulation induction. If you are wondering whether pregnancy is possible without periods, then the answer is yes.
While the end of your ovulation cycle is indicated by the appearance of periods, there are no signs that accurately indicate that your ovulation cycle has begun. It is possible that you ovulate and you do not know about it at all. Even if you do get pregnant, you probably won’t know about it right away, because you have irregular periods anyway! This is why you should not depend on it and use birth control if you do not want to become pregnant.
What are the reasons for not having periods?
If you are missing periods or they are not regular, here are some possible reasons:
Many women who exclusively breastfeed may not get their periods while they are breastfeeding their baby. However, it is something that depends on your body, your periods may or may not start while you are breastfeeding .
- Using Birth Control Methods
Some birth control methods, such as birth control pills , can interfere with the regularity of your periods. So before prescribing any such method of birth control it is important to understand from the doctor whether it can affect your periods or not.
3. Chances of pregnancy
If you have irregular periods and suddenly your periods are not coming at all, there are high chances that you are pregnant. Do get a test done to confirm.
4. Overweight or obesity
Obesity is one of the main reasons for irregular periods and infertility. To make your periods regular, it would be a good idea to exercise and lose some weight.
5. Certain medicines
In addition to birth control medications, there are other medications that can stop your periods. These may include medications for blood pressure, allergies, mental illness, etc.
6. Hormone Imbalance
Diabetes , thyroid imbalance, endometriosis etc. are some of the problems that can affect the hormonal balance of the body, resulting in irregular periods.
7. Being an athlete
It may sound strange, but female athletes can have problems getting regular periods. This is because athletes have a muscular body and have very little body fat. Low amount of fat in the body can make periods irregular. Also, excessive exercise can disrupt the regularity of your periods.
- PCOS problem
PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is one of the leading causes of irregular periods and infertility.
9. Feeling more stressed
If you are under extreme stress, your periods can be affected. You may experience irregular periods or in some cases, periods may stop for months. It is very important that you keep your stress level under control.
10. Having POI
POI (Primary Ovarian Insufficiency) or lack of primary ovaries, also known as premature ovarian failure, is a condition that can cause your periods to stop for a long time. In some cases, a woman with POI may not have periods for months or even years.
11. Problems related to the uterus
Sometimes, uterine surgery or D&C can make your periods irregular. This is due to the scarring of the uterus during the surgical procedure.
12. Beginning of menopause
It is very common for women to have irregular periods even after the onset of menopause . Early menopause can sometimes cause a lack of periods or irregular periods.
What if you want to get pregnant but your periods are not coming?
For this, it would be better to consult a doctor as soon as possible. If you are under 35, your doctor may ask you to try for a year to conceive before recommending any fertility tests .
If you are not getting periods regularly, it is suggested that you get a thorough check-up done to find out the reason behind it. Based on the assessment, the doctor will suggest the right treatment. If the periods are irregular and what is causing it, it is very important that you consult your doctor. The doctor will guide you and tell you what can be done to get your periods back to regular.