Foods To Avoid During Pregnancy: Let’s know about Foods To Avoid During Pregnancy. Pregnancy , which is the most beautiful period of your life , changes a lot in it. Not only your body changes , but your whole lifestyle , your priorities and your thinking also change. Make yourself aware of what not to eat during this time to ensure good health not only for your baby but also for yourself .
Food is a very important element for a pregnant woman , while good food nourishes you and your baby and unhealthy food can pose a serious risk. So it is important to determine what to eat when pregnant and take care of it right from the time you get to know about your pregnancy.
what not to eat during pregnancy
Consuming a healthy diet is very important for a healthy pregnancy in pregnant women. There are many things that you should not consume as many types of foods can pose a risk to your baby. We have made it super easy for you to choose the right food item for you by giving you a list of foods to avoid during pregnancy.
24 Foods To Avoid During Pregnancy
1. raw , undercooked , or contaminated seafood and fish
Don’t worry , you don’t have to give up your favorite seafood altogether. You just need to make sure that you are not eating some seafood at all.
- Do not include raw fish in your diet at all. This means that if you love sushi , you have to control yourself for those few months.
- Some fish, such as mackerel , shark , swordfish and tilefish, have very high levels of mercury, and exposure to mercury during pregnancy can harm your baby’s development and brain. Instead, eat fishes like chunk light tuna which have low mercury content and can be consumed in moderation. It is best not to consume refrigerated and smoked seafood as it may be contaminated with listeria , a harmful bacteria. Exposure to listeria during pregnancy may increase the risk of preterm birth , or pass the infection to the unborn baby.
- Some types of fish such as bluefish , salmon , walleye , trout and striped bass breed in contaminated water . These fish are exposed to high amounts of polychlorinated biphenyls ( PCBs ) , which are extremely harmful to both mother and child. Exposure to PCBs while pregnant can affect your baby’s immune system.
- Raw and undercooked shellfish, such as clams , mussels and oysters , cause most seasickness. Although cooking them can prevent some diseases, it will not prevent diseases caused by algae. That is why it is better to avoid shellfish completely during pregnancy.
Fish is rich in omega -3 fatty acids , which should be a part of your diet as it helps in the development of the baby’s brain. During pregnancy , you just have to be more careful while consuming fish. Eating fish or other substances found in freshwater during pregnancy is a safe solution. This includes salmon , shrimp , trout and sardines. Also , instead of raw fish , eat fish that is cooked to a temperature of 145o Fahrenheit. Cooking helps destroy many of the potential contaminants and toxins present in seafood , thereby protecting you and your baby from harm.
2 . raw or soft boiled eggs
When eggs are well cooked, it becomes difficult to resist eating them. Many people prefer to eat soft-boiled or soft-boiled eggs. However , these should not be eaten during pregnancy , as they may be contaminated with salmonella , a bacteria that causes diarrhea and vomiting. You should also avoid foods and desserts that are made with raw eggs, such as custards and mousses.
The best way to eat an egg during pregnancy is to cook it until the yolk becomes hard. Otherwise , you can eat egg-free salad dressings , mayonnaise , and other foods that substitute for eggs. You can also use pasteurized eggs to avoid the risk of diseases.
3. raw or undercooked meat
It is important for a non-vegetarian mother to include meat in her diet , but while doing so, it is necessary to take care and have some restrictions. Research has shown that raw meat contains bacteria called listeria and it is essential to avoid it during pregnancy. Raw meat may also contain some other parasites , such as Toxoplasma gondii , which can cause serious problems in pregnant women such as vomiting , fetal damage, and miscarriage.
Make sure that whenever you eat meat , it is cooked properly and it is also advised that you cook meat at home using a thermometer. Wash the meat thoroughly with salt and water to make sure all bacteria are dead .
4. unpasteurized milk products
Your daily and regular consumption of milk is very important for the proper development of your baby. It provides important nutrients like minerals , calcium and protein to you and your baby. But make sure that you consume only pasteurized milk. Unpasteurized milk may contain germs that can cause serious food poisoning. Therefore it is advised that you avoid all types of dairy products that have not been pasteurized.
Make sure you always drink freshly boiled milk. Always do a simple milk test so that you can avoid unnecessary diseases and enjoy your pregnancy.
5. unpasteurized soft cheese
Cheese is the favorite food of almost every person who has tasted it once . But when you are pregnant , you have to follow some rules even while eating this delicious food item. Many unpasteurized soft cheeses contain listeria bacteria and this food should be avoided especially during pregnancy.
Instead of soft cheeses , just eat hard cheeses , some of which are Cheddar cheese and Swiss cheese. Always make sure you buy cheeses after checking the label for listeria – free pasteurization.
6. unwashed vegetables and fruits
There is no doubt that eating fruits and vegetables during pregnancy is extremely healthy for you and your baby. But you may be surprised to know that around 78% of the people around the world consume fruits and vegetables without washing them. Not only can the skins of unwashed fruits and vegetables contain harmful pesticides and herbicides , but they can also carry dangerous microbes like Toxoplasma gondii and listeria. Unwashed raw vegetables such as sprouts , lettuce and cabbage should especially be avoided during this time.
Which fruits should not be eaten during pregnancy – Papaya , Pineapple and Grapes. In fact , some cultures list papayas as natural foods to avoid pregnancy and are believed to cause abortion. Raw papaya can be especially dangerous because it contains certain compounds that cause uterine contractions.
It is obvious that before eating any fruits and vegetables, you should wash them thoroughly. You can remove the skin and keep them in a separate vessel. Avoid keeping vegetables and fruits in the fridge for a long time and then consuming them. Cook all your vegetables thoroughly and make sure leafy vegetables in particular are well cooked.
7. Raw sprouts and nuts that cause allergies
Raw sprouts are rich in proteins and minerals , but should still be avoided during pregnancy. This is because they can contain harmful viruses and bacteria that can cause food poisoning. Make sure every time you eat sprouts, you either fry them in a little oil or cook them well and still taste good with proper spices.
You can enjoy a variety of nuts during pregnancy , such as peanuts and cashews. Nuts are rich in vitamins and minerals , which help in the development of the foetus. But there are some nuts that can cause allergies and rashes on your body. It is also possible that initially you are not allergic to them , but with continuous consumption over time , you start getting allergic to them. Make sure you consult your doctor about which nuts can be included in your diet during pregnancy and which nuts should be avoided completely.
8. restaurant food or store bought salad
It is advised to be extra careful while ordering food for pregnant women in restaurants as one cannot be sure of the ingredients used in these dishes. It is therefore better to have a restaurant or even a store bought salad Do not eat The fruits and vegetables used in the salad may not have been washed properly , or they may have been cut a long time ago.
You can always make your own salads at home , making sure you clean fruits and vegetables properly and cook meat properly. You also have the freedom to make your own salad at home however you like.
9. unhealthy juices
You can argue that drinking fresh fruit juice is always a good option during pregnancy. But raw fruits and vegetables can be contaminated with dangerous bacteria or viruses. Make sure you fulfill your fresh juice cravings at home to ensure that freshness and hygiene are maintained.
When buying ready-made juice , choose juice that has been pasteurized and refrigerated. Your immune system is lowered during pregnancy and you are more susceptible to bacteria that may be present in pasteurized juices.
10. excessive caffeine
You may love coffee , but caffeine should not be included in your diet during pregnancy. It is a diuretic , which can cause excessive urination and can make you dehydrated more quickly. Caffeine has also been linked to low birth weight babies. Excessive consumption of caffeine can increase the risk of problems such as fetal death , stillbirth and miscarriage.
Make sure you don’t drink more than 200ml or 2 cups of coffee in a day. Also , check with your doctor or pharmacist for information about indirect caffeine found in other products , such as energy drinks and medicines .
11. herbal supplements and herbal teas
Many people may suggest that you should start taking herbal tonics and teas when you are pregnant , but these can do you more harm than good. Taking certain herbs in large amounts can also increase the risk of preterm labor or miscarriage. It is also possible that the herbs you buy are unsafe or fake because there is no way you can check their quality.
Avoid herbs such as wormwood , saw palmetto and senna , as these are not as well-tested as other medicines, and there is a difference of opinion about their use in pregnancy. If you feel weak or tired , ask your doctor to prescribe a multivitamin and then continue to drink your regular tea instead of these herbal blends.
12. Packaged Foods / Readymade Foods
Packaged foods should especially be avoided during pregnancy as they may contain a number of preservatives and chemicals that are added to increase the shelf life of foods. In addition , the compartment walls may contain Bisphenol A , a chemical that affects your baby’s endocrine activity. Due to the long shelf life of canned foods , harmful bacteria can also be present in the food.
Whatever you find in a box can be bought fresh , always have fresh fruits and vegetables. Incorporating seasonal fruits and vegetables into your diet is a good option so that you can get the most nutrients from your diet.
13. nitrate rich foods
Nitrate is a chemical added to some foods to increase their shelf life. However , it can cause a lot of health related problems especially for pregnant women. When nitrates react with hemoglobin in the blood , it produces modified proteins that hinder your body’s ability to carry oxygen to the placenta. Some foods are high in nitrates , such as diet soda , bacon , sausage, and artificial sweeteners. These foods have very little nutritional content and should not be consumed during pregnancy at any cost.
14. overly sweet foods
During pregnancy, you may have cravings for ice cream and chocolate at times. But they are very high in sugar which can increase the amount of sugar in your blood which can be harmful to the foetus. Always be mindful of how much sugar you are consuming in a day and avoid sugar or sugar – containing foods as much as possible.
However , there is no need to turn away from ice cream. Having an occasional ice cream won’t do you any harm .
15. street food
Avoid your favorite street food as much as possible during pregnancy . Not only are they injurious to health , but can also lead to food poisoning and other digestive problems. Put on your chef’s hat and try making these ingredients at home , where quality and hygiene can be taken care of.
16. high fat foods
Since you are going to gain weight during pregnancy anyway , do you want to eat high fat – rich foods ? Stop yourself from doing this , because eating more fatty foods can increase the amount of cholesterol in your blood , which increases your chances of obesity or heart disease. Make sure you consume the right amount of fatty foods.
Eat foods that are rich in omega -3, 6 and 9 fatty acids as these are beneficial for your baby’s development. Some such foods include fruits and vegetables such as avocados , nuts , olives, and pumpkin seeds. But , don’t eat too much of these foods and always exercise moderation.
17. excessive artificial sweetener
You may think that using artificial sweeteners is a great alternative to sugar, but consuming them during pregnancy is not good for your health. The placenta doesn’t block the most commonly used artificial sweeteners like saccharin , which means your baby will be consuming an artificial sweetener too . You can consume them , but always eat in a reasonable quantity.
18. non prescription vitamins
Vitamins are certainly a good source of nutrition for pregnant women , but they can be harmful if consumed in excess. These substances can affect the normal development of your fetus and can even lead to preterm labor. In case of vitamins, do not take your own decision , always consume them as per the advice of the doctor.
19. simple carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are your body’s primary source of energy , which makes them an important part of your pregnancy diet. However , be careful with common carbohydrate – rich foods like cookies and corn syrup. Although it is not really harmful to your baby , simple carbohydrates can lead to painful constipation , so if possible avoid those that are made of refined flour. Instead, eat flour that is rich in fiber, such as wheat , brown bread, and whole grain carbohydrates .
20. baked goods
Even though you love baked foods , it is better to stay away from them during pregnancy. This is because uncooked dough can attract harmful bacteria , which can cause severe food poisoning and even harm the fetus. If it is too difficult for you to avoid tempting baked goods , you can go for commercially prepared ones from a well-known and well – known bakery.
Licorice is used in a variety of substances , which are generally not harmful at all. But during pregnancy , licorice can cause uterine contractions. It can lead to premature labor, so try not to consume it in any form during pregnancy.
22. Stale food
You might feel guilty throwing away leftover food , but you should not eat stale food during your special nine months. Even if it is kept in the fridge , there is a possibility that the food may attract disease-causing bacteria, so always eat freshly cooked food. If you have no other option , reheat leftover food in another clean utensil before eating.
23. hot spicy food
A pregnant woman should not eat hot spicy food at all. This makes acid reflux and heartburn more likely to occur during pregnancy , and this type of diet will only worsen the problem. Spicy foods can also cause morning sickness , always eat spices in moderation and whenever you eat spicy foods , make sure to have a glass of milk or a spoonful of honey to eliminate heartburn. .
It is obvious that drinking alcohol is not good for your health , not only when you are pregnant but anytime in your life. But if you think that being pregnant can take it occasionally , then you are absolutely wrong.
Alcohol is another thing that the umbilical cord can’t stop and through that the substance can reach your baby. Not only can it cause miscarriage and stillbirth , but it can also cause lifelong physical and intellectual disabilities for your baby through a condition called Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder ( F.A.S.D. ) . There is no set safe time or safe amount of alcohol to drink during your pregnancy. It is best that you stop drinking alcohol completely during pregnancy.
With this , you now have a list of 24 foods to avoid during pregnancy. It is advised that you consult your doctor before deciding to avoid any of the above mentioned food items in your diet. Consulting a nutritionist about the best diet for pregnancy will help you stick to a balanced diet. It goes without saying that you can of course satisfy pregnancy cravings , as long as you eat all foods in moderation and choose safe ingredients.