Fertility Tests in Women: Let’s know about Fertility Tests in Women. Usually a couple is considered infertile if they have been trying to get pregnant for about a year and have been unsuccessful repeatedly. Today around 16% of couples are facing this problem. This rate of infertility in women is 5 out of 10 cases. The main reasons for infertility in women are increasing age, today’s lifestyle, damage to ovaries and fallopian tubes, hormonal fluctuations and non-functioning of the cervix. In such a situation, to know the cause of female infertility, the woman should get the female fertility test done. In this article, you will be able to know about 11 types of common female fertility tests along with information related to increasing fertility and other treatments.
When should a woman get a fertility test done?
If a healthy woman below the age of 35 is unable to conceive through normal intercourse even after one year of trying, she must consult a doctor and get a fertility test done. A healthy woman over the age of 35 who has been trying to conceive naturally for 6 months and is having trouble conceiving should undergo a fertility test.
What is the process of female fertility test?
Female fertility testing begins with a fertility expert taking the woman’s medical history. In which she takes information from you about the regularity of your periods, methods of birth control and your past sexual habits. Along with this, information about your lifestyle, habits, smoking, use of alcohol , drugs or other drugs is also required to be shared with the expert. Apart from this, after physical examination, pelvic examination, experts conduct ovulation test to ensure whether the ovaries and uterus are functioning normally or not. After these tests, experts can also recommend hormone blood test and laparoscopy etc.
Common Fertility Tests for Women
A woman may undergo several female fertility tests to determine why she is unable to conceive.
In this process, your doctor will test in various ways whether you are ovulating normally. Your doctor will frequently ask you to keep a basal body temperature chart so that you can monitor the timing of your ovulation. Along with this, the doctor also tests for ovulation using ovulation prediction sticks . Which are easily available at the pharmacy. Finally, the doctor does an ultrasound and a blood test to confirm ovulation.
2, Ovarian Function Test
This test indicates the normal functioning of the ovaries and ovulation in women along with ovarian reserve and egg production. Examples of this test include a follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) test on the third day and an estrogen level test on the third day, along with ultrasound and blood tests .
Ultrasound is usually done to check the normal functioning of the uterus and ovaries and to know the thickness of the lining of the uterus. Apart from this, it is also known from ultrasound whether the ovarian follicles are developing normally. These ovarian follicles secrete hormones that trigger the release of an egg during ovulation.
4, Luteal Phase Test
In this test, along with the level of progesterone in the body , an in-depth hormone test is also checked. The luteal phase occurs after the release of the egg in the ovulation cycle. The hormone secreted in the body helps to thicken the uterine lining in preparation for pregnancy.
5. Hormone Blood Test
In a female fertility test, a woman’s reproductive cycle, fertility strength and blood tests are done to check the hormones present in the body such as estrogen, progesterone, testosterone and luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, prolactin, inhibin B and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Is.
6. Hysterosalpingogram (HSG test)
In the HSG test , dye is injected into the fallopian tubes and uterus. Then, an X-ray technician examines the uterus and fallopian tubes to check for blockages and abnormalities, and to remove any dye that is not working normally. highlights. This test is usually done on the sixth or seventh day of women’s periods.
Laparoscopy is a type of test that is usually performed under a general anesthesia. In this, the doctor makes a small incision in the abdomen and inserts a fiber optic tube with a camera called a laparoscope into the abdomen to get a clear view of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. If the doctor finds any abnormalities such as abnormal growths or endometriosis, they are removed using various methods, but this method is not performed in India and the use of laser is very uncommon.
8. Cervical Test
This test checks for the presence of live sperm and harmful bacteria in the cervical mucus . Cervical mucus is a fluid secreted by glands near the cervix. Mucus helps protect and nourish the fluid, as well as fertilizing sperm and hormonal changes as a woman’s reproductive cycle changes. Which is caused by estrogen hormone. The cervical mucus test is usually a post-coital test. In this, the doctor examines the samples of the woman’s cervical mucus through a microscope to find out whether the sperm is capable of growing or not. Cervical mucus is also known as ‘leucorrhoea’.
Hysteroscopy is a procedure in which a thin tube with a camera called a hysteroscope is inserted into the cervix. Due to which the doctor proves helpful in seeing the pictures inside the uterus. Pictures can be taken in hysteroscopy which can be examined later.
10. Endometrial Biopsy
In this test, a small piece of tissue from the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, is removed just before a woman gets her period, then this tissue is examined to see if the uterine lining is a tumor. Thick enough to implant the egg. The endometrium is a layer of tissue found inside the uterus. Now this placenta thickens after the egg is released to allow the egg to implant and grow. The endometrium nourishes and protects the implanted egg until the placenta forms. The placenta then takes over, providing nutrition to the fetus.
It is a very common fertility test for women and is performed in place of the hysterosalpingogram test. In this test, the woman’s uterus is first filled with saline water. Next, a vaginal ultrasound wand is used to check the inside of the uterus for abnormal growths and blockages.
If you are unable to conceive despite having regular intercourse for a year, talk to a fertility specialist. Keep in mind that the doctor will ask you to undergo certain tests depending on your medical history, general health, sexual practices and age. Therefore, you do not need to get all the tests mentioned in this article done. You can also get these tests done in a different order. Fertility testing requires a lot of patience and may require multiple visits to the doctor, so prepare yourself well in advance. You can also consult a fertility counselor referred by a doctor, who can help you get fertility testing done.