Fertility Medicines to Deal with Infertility in Men

Fertility Medicines to Deal with Infertility in Men

Let us know about Fertility Medicines to Deal with Infertility in Men. A man’s fertility depends on the quantity and quality of his sperm. If a man has low sperm quantity and quality, he may be unable to make his wife pregnant. Let us tell you that about one in 50 men have fertility problems, most of which are related to low sperm count, while only one in 100 men do not produce any sperm at all. Let’s start with Fertility Medicines to Deal with Infertility in Men.

Fertility Medicines to Deal with Infertility in Men

When should men use fertility drugs? 

It is important to consult a fertility specialist before consuming fertility drugs. After carefully studying the man’s health, his health history and lifestyle, the specialist or doctor prescribes medicines based on that. So far, secondary hypogonadism is the only hormone-related infertility condition that affects about 2% of men and can be treated with fertility drugs. This condition occurs when the pituitary gland or hypothalamus does not function properly. Any change in hormones can cause problems in the production of normal sperm and testosterone.

How do male fertility drugs work?

Fertility Medicines to Deal with Infertility in Men
Fertility Medicines to Deal with Infertility in Men

Not all fertility drugs work in the same way. Here are some of the ways in which male fertility drugs work:

1. Increases production of hormones

Medicines and injections used to treat infertility contain substances or synthetic hormones that balance testosterone levels and increase or decrease its production in men.

2. Improving the quality of sperm 

When sperm quality is poor (eg, low motility, abnormal morphology); In such a situation, some medicines can improve their quality. 

3. Blood sugar level remains normal 

There are many cases where blood sugar level causes infertility in men and women. For such cases, medication can help improve fertility and keep diabetes under control

4. Increases blood flow 

If the blood flow is poor in the genital area, then the problem of infertility in men increases even more. But taking medicines improves it.

5. Increases libido 

Tell that fertility medicines also have some properties of aphrodisiacs, so eating it also increases the sexual desire of men.

What fertility drugs are available for men? 

Before consuming infertility drugs in men, it is important to know which drug is better and what is the reason for it. However, it is advised to take only prescribed medicines. None of the medicines below are recommended for over the counter use:

1. Clomiphene Citrate

This non-steroid is used to produce the FSH and LH hormones and to increase testosterone in males. Sperms are unhealthy due to low testosterone level and this naturally makes a man infertile. Clomiphene Citrate increases testosterone levels as well as helps in increasing healthy sperm thereby improving fertility.

2. Gonadotropin

Gonadotropins and LH stimulate the testicles and are therefore used to promote the production of testosterone and sperm count. This medicine is given only in case of secondary hypogonadism. 

3. Letrozole

This medicine is available in the form of tablets, and helps to correct normal testosterone levels in men with hypogonadism related to obesity. Letrozole comes under the category of aromatase inhibitors and helps in improving fertility.

4. Bromocriptine

Infertility caused by hyperprolactinemia can be treated with this dopamine agonist. It inhibits the release of prolactin hormone from the pituitary gland. This medicine is useful for men who have abnormal sperm count along with hyperprolactinemia.

5. Antibiotic and Antifungal Treatment

Sometimes the reproductive system and semen can also become infected with bacteria or fungus. In men with a positive semen culture, infertility problems and fungal infections can be treated with antibiotics and other medications.

For how long should men take these medicines? 

The course time of every medicine is not the same and hence its dosage depends on the individual. Here are some of them:

1. Letrozole

During this treatment, this medicine has to be taken only once a week. It may take at least 3 to 6 months to show effect

2. Bromocriptine

This medicine can be taken only for about 4 weeks. It needs to be taken five to ten milligrams every day.

3. Clomiphene

It is usually taken thrice a week, with each cycle during the course of treatment for a course of three to six months. This medicine can be safely taken for up to two years to stabilize hormone levels and improve fertility.

4. Gonadotropin

During treatment, a person has to take two or three injections a week. Most often, treatment with this drug only lasts for six months, but if a person shows little or no improvement after taking it, they will need to continue treatment with an HMG regimen for a year or two to bring their hormone levels back up. Let’s get back to normal.

What are the chances of wife getting pregnant while using male infertility medication? 

Sometimes fertility pills can increase the sperm count up to 15 million per milliliter of semen. Any number below this is considered low. Hormonal medicines can affect the male body and hence it is better to consult a doctor for the right dosage. The probability of these medicines working really depends on his health condition and dosage. Because these are hormonal drugs that can have a bad effect on your body if used without any indication.

What are the side effects of fertility drugs in men? 

Every medicine is different and each has its own side effects. Some of these are explained below.

1. Synthetic testosterone

Some problems with synthetic testosterone:

  • having mood swings 
  • liver problems
  • low energy 
  • male breast enlargement 
  • excessive hair growth 
  • pimples 
  • rashes
  • prolonged erection
  • water retention 

2. Clomiphene

Some problems caused by clomiphene:

  • changes in vision 
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • nausea
  • Vomit
  • Diarrhea
  • gaining weight
  • breast enlargement and discomfort
  • changes in libido

3. Gonadotropin

Some problems caused by gonadotropins:

  • pimples
  • enlargement of breasts 
  • pain at injection site 
  • respiratory tract infection 
  • gaining weight
  • Dizziness
  • nausea
  • mood swing 
  • discomfort in the pelvic area 

4. Bromocriptine

Some problems caused by bromocriptine:

  • hallucination
  • be confused 
  • liver problems
  • high blood pressure 
  • abnormal body movements 
  • loss of appetite 
  • Headache
  • Constipation
  • Tiredness
  • mild headache
  • Caesar

Tips to increase fertility in men naturally

Men’s fertility can be affected by the environment, their diet and lifestyle. Here are some ways in which they can increase their fertility potential by incorporating some changes in their diet and lifestyle:

1. Regular Exercise 

Exercising regularly can increase your fertility potential as it helps in increasing the level of testosterone in your body. Men who exercise regularly have better semen quality and higher testosterone levels. Exercising at least five days a week for about 45 minutes every day and following a healthy diet will see an improvement in your fertility.

2. Balanced Diet

Due to the lack of nutrients in the food, bad hormones prevent the production of sperm. Because of which the sperm can become unhealthy and abnormal. If a man includes all the essential elements in his diet, then his body will get the required amount of nutrition. By including essential nutritious things like fresh vegetables, whole grains, fruits, nuts and seeds in the diet, one will see improvement in fertility.

3. Nutritional Supplements

Supplements help men improve their fertility by increasing their sperm count and motility. Vitamin C and zinc help prevent sperms from clumping together and increase their motility by allowing them to swim freely. Zinc supplements help in increasing sperm count and testosterone levels. Include only 100 to 200 milligrams of zinc daily in your diet. There are also some natural sources of zinc such as oysters, turkey, organ meats, wheat germ, legumes and nuts.

When protein is digested, it produces arginine, which is also needed for the production of sperm cells. Arginine is found in many foods such as fish, poultry, meat, dairy, nuts and chocolate.

Here are some more nutrients that if taken daily and in the right amounts, improve sperm count –

  • 2 mg Copper
  • 100 mcg chromium
  • 1000 mcg Vitamin B12
  • 9 to 12 grams of essential fatty acids
  • 200 mcg selenium
  • 400 mg Coenzyme Q10

How to avoid infertility?

Infertility can be prevented in a few ways if it is due to a cause that is within the control of the individual. As controlling a person’s lifestyle, diet helps in improving infertility. Here are some of the ways by which infertility can be avoided:

  • Sperm motility and their morphology are affected by alcohol, nicotine and other drugs. If you want to have a child, then you should completely distance yourself from them.
  • Sperm cell morphology is affected by excessive weight gain. Often overweight or obese men suffer from conditions like high blood pressure, blood pressure, diabetes, etc., which can further complicate their health and make them infertile.
  • Bicycling, using saunas, taking long hot baths and wearing tight and confining clothing are also known to increase testicular temperature, thus affecting fertility.
  • Stress also affects the sperm production of men. Meditating and doing deep breathing exercises can help you calm down.
  • Avoid exposure to pesticides, heavy metals and other toxic agents that can affect the body and cause infertility. The compounds found in these chemicals are known to cause mutations in the human body.
  • Radiation emanating from laptops and mobiles also has a negative effect on the quantity and quality of sperm. Try to limit the use of these gadgets.
  • Plastic can cause hormonal imbalance and food should not be stored in plastic containers.
  • Choose unbleached versions of coffee filters, paper, toilet roll and tissue as they contain fewer chemicals that negatively affect fertility as well as are safer to use.
  • Chlorinated tap water also negatively affects male fertility.
  • Eat organic food to avoid consuming any pesticides.
  • Synthetic cosmetics and deodorants also disturb the balance of hormones.
  • Avoid animal products that contain a lot of fat.
  • Fried food, barbecue and charcoal-broiled cooking techniques have been shown to negatively impact fertility.